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Diabetic retinopathy occurs when blood vessels in the retina become broken, or blocked resulting in vision loss.
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of permanent vision loss in North America.
Routine retinal examinations should be done to look for diabetic retinopathy. This will also allow for timely treatment with a retinal specialist when required.
A disease that damages the optic nerve resulting in vision loss.
People with glaucoma don’t know they have it because loss of vision occurs slowly until a significant amount of nerve damage has occurred.
Optic nerve photography and laser imaging with automated visual field tests are required to monitor optic nerve changes.
The crystalline lens in the eye becomes cloudy.
Common symptoms are colour changes, frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription, impaired vision at night, halos around lights, and double vision.
If vision is significantly impaired cataract surgery is recommended.
These can include diseases such as age related macular degeneration, retinal holes, retinal detachments, strokes, and toxicity from certain medications.
When one eye either does not see well compared to the other eye (lazy eye) or when one eye does not point in the correct direction compared to the other eye.
VISUAL FIELD DEFECTS
Field defects can be the result of a stroke, glaucoma, optic nerve disease, tumors or aneurysms.
These can include abrasions, contact lens related diseases, infections, and ulcers.